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Tuesday, May 19, 2020 | History

2 edition of reliability and validity of adverse-event measures of the quality of healthcare found in the catalog.

reliability and validity of adverse-event measures of the quality of healthcare

Kieran Walshe

reliability and validity of adverse-event measures of the quality of healthcare

by Kieran Walshe

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  • 18 Currently reading

Published by University of Birmingham in Birmingham .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (Ph.D) - University of Birmingham, Health Services Management Centre, School of Public Policy, Faculty of Commerce and Social Science.

Statementby Kieran Walshe.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17544381M

A quality-rating instrument with four of the five criteria predicted adverse events ( percent in studies rated "adequate", compared to percent in studies rated "inadequate" [p=]). In multivariate analyses, the quality rating assignment remained significant when controlling for other clinical and study-related variables. Fundamentally, patient safety refers to freedom from accidental or preventable injuries produced by medical care. Practices or interventions that improve patient safety are those that reduce the occurrence of preventable adverse events. This can be consistently achieved in an organization with a strong safety culture. To report a Safety Issue, use the Patient Occurrence Reporting .

  Chartbook on Patient Safety. The Patient Safety chartbook is part of the National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Report. It shows the progress made on lowering infections, hip or knee replacement adverse events, adverse drug events, cardiac bypass readmissions, home health care improvement, frequency of safety issues in medical offices, and patient safety culture. the corrective action had on preventing another adverse event. Using both process and outcome measures as companion measures allows an organization to analyze whether the change has occurred and to know whether it has made the system safer and will prevent further adverse events.

Reliability refers to the degree of consistency with which the instrument measures the attribute it is supposed to be measuring (the target attribute) In practical terms - if a measure is reliable, it means that you would get the same result over and over again. Information based on valid, reliable, and timely data about the care provided, the recipients of care, the facilities, and the caregivers providing care is fundamental to all strategies for monitoring and improving the quality of long-term information is of interest to many constituencies, including consumers, caregivers, provider organizations, managers, regulators, purchasers, and.


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Reliability and validity of adverse-event measures of the quality of healthcare by Kieran Walshe Download PDF EPUB FB2

The reliability and validity of adverse-event measures of the quality of healthcare by Kieran Walshe A thesis submitted to the Faculty of Commerce and Social Science of the University of Birmingham for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy Health Services Management Centre School of Public Policy Faculty of Commerce and Social Science.

The objective of this paper was to present a comprehensive approach to help health care organizations reliably deliver effective interventions. Reliability in healthcare translates into using valid rate-based measures. Yet high reliability organizations have proven that the context in which care is Cited by:   Construct validity is a measure of how well an instrument supports or conforms with theories or constructs.

27 Exploring the construct validity of adverse event measures of quality is difficult because there are few established theories and constructs about the distribution and effects of adverse events for researchers to test.

However, as Cited by: Objectives Record review is the most used method to quantify patient safety. We systematically reviewed the reliability and validity of adverse event detection with record review.

This research concludes that adverse-event measures of quality are important measures of the quality of healthcare, which should be used in healthcare quality assurance with two main provisos.

Firstly, the development of measures should be more rigorous, and should. Reliability and validity of the Chinese version of reporting of clinical adverse events scale (C-RoCAES) Background: Adverse event is a crucial issue affecting patient’s safety of healthcare services.

To assess nurses’ attitude of reporting adverse events is important to establish a safe environment for : Xiao Sun, Yan Shi, Shuying Zhang, Meimei Tian, Yafen Mao, Qian Wu, Xiaoping Zhu, Meifang Gong. The occurrence of an adverse event was determined and in cases where an adverse event was identified, the level of harm to the patient was assessed.

A physician reconciled the independently recorded triggers and adverse events by each nurse, after assessing the presence of the identified triggers, occurrence of adverse events and the level of by:   Objectives Record review is the most used method to quantify patient safety.

We systematically reviewed the reliability and validity of adverse event detection with record review. Design A systematic review of the literature. Methods We searched PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO and the Cochrane Library and from their inception through February Cited by: Different types of reliability and validity of measurement instruments can be distinguished.

Focus of our system-atic review was on the inter-rater reliability, content (face) validity and concurrent validity of record review. Definitions are described in table 1.

Quality assessment Assessment of the methodological quality of the selectedCited by:   Direct patient-reported information about adverse drug events (ADEs) is important since it adds to healthcare professional-reported information about the safety of drugs.

Previously, we developed an instrument to assess patient-reported ADEs in research settings. The aim of this study is to assess the construct and concurrent validity of the by: 8. The Adverse Patient Occurrences Inventory: Validity, Reliability, and Implications Teresa L.

Panniers, RN, MS, at the time this article was written, was Management Systems Analyst and a member of the Clinical Analysis Group and the Quality Assurance Task Force at Cited by: 9. The reliability of medical record review for estimating adverse event rates.

Annals of Internal Medicine. June 4;(11):I The data used by the U.S. Institute of Medicine to estimate deaths from medical errors come from a study that relied on nurse and physician reviews of medical records to detect the errors.

View article abstract. The inverse relationship between patient safety culture (measured with HSOPSC) and adverse events (measured with the GTT) seen in this study indicates that the validity (particularly the criterion validity) and reliability of tools for measuring patient safety culture and tracking of adverse events need further evaluation and that results from such measurement should be interpreted with by: Abstract: Background: Adverse event is a crucial issue affecting patient’s safety of healthcare services.

To assess nurses’ attitude of reporting adverse events is important to establish a safe environment for patients. However, no relevant instrument has been validated and used in China.

This study was to examine validity and reliability ofAuthor: Xiao Sun, Yan Shi, Shuying Zhang, Meimei Tian, Yafen Mao, Qian Wu, Xiaoping Zhu, Meifang Gong.

To enhance awareness and proactive participation in healthcare quality and safety initiatives, non-punitive adverse event reporting system implementation is one of the key tools [1, 2]. Although some adverse event reporting system approaches in healthcare rely on automatic monitoring of clinical actions in order to detect potential adverse Cited by: Adverse event reporting is one strategy to identify risks and improve patient safety, but, historically, adverse events are underreported by registered nurses (RNs) because of fear of retribution and blame.A program was provided on high reliability to examine whether education would impact RNs' willingness to report adverse events.

Although the findings were not statistically significant, they. Adverse symptom event reporting is vital as part of clinical trials and drug labeling to ensure patient safety and inform risk–benefit decision making.

The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability of adverse event reporting of different clinicians for the same patient for the same visit.

A retrospective reliability analysis was completed for a sample of cancer patients (% Cited by: The need for high reliability Reliability Reliability – – the degree to which an action or test produces a consistent result In CQI language: Doing things right Validity Validity – – whether or not the correct result was achieved In CQI language: Doing right things A high reliability process consistentlyFile Size: 2MB.

The Reliability of Medical Record Review for Estimating Adverse Event Rates Published in: Annals of Internal Medicine, v.

no. 11, Junep. Posted on Cited by:   This study excluded book chapters, theses and dissertations, as well as government reports where the reliability or validity of a survey instrument may have been reported. Quality of Evidence Most studies were judged to have serious risk of by: 7.

Leading the Nation in Quality Advancing the health of the people we serve by leading the nation in quality and patient safety. "In collaboration with our affiliated, clinically integrated physicians, we have built a system of care that ensures timely, accurate, safe and effective treatments." High-Reliability Healthcare.Adverse event rates as measures of hospital performance.

K. WalsheThe reliability and validity of adverse-event measures of the quality of healthcare. Faculty of Commerce and Social Science, University of Birmingham () Google by: OBJECTIVES: Record review is the most used method to quantify patient safety. We systematically reviewed the reliability and validity of adverse event detection with record review.

DESIGN: A systematic review of the literature. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO and the Cochrane Library and from their inception through February Cited by: